Social neuroscience has become a rapidly developing field aided by the wide spread use of imaging techniques. It has been noted that there is difficulty in determining the neurophysiological basis of the “social brain” since no brain structure or subpopulation of neurons operates in isolation. Hence, there is a need to account for the manner in which distributed neuronal representations produce explicit relevant social information to guide behavior. The Dimensional Systems Model, and its applied aspects involving the Clinical Biopsychological Model, provide a description of the manner in which subcortical and cortical central processes interact with autonomic and hormonal systems to produce social behavior.

According to the Clinical Biopsychological Model, there are two different, but basic, patterns by which individuals have learned to activate positive feelings and deactivate negative ones within relationships. These two patterns involve either the giving (Type-G) or taking (Type-T) of power, control, attention, and/or things. At the simplest level, this is consistent with the basic motivational rule that all complex organisms attempt to activate positive emotions and deactivate negative ones. The cortical basis for the patterns has to do with sensory emotional memories (i.e., how one feels) and action (i.e., how one behaves) in relationship interactions. One’s learning history involves what was most effective in acquiring positive and avoiding negative consequences with all influential people within an individual’s early social system. Once developed, an individual continues to relate to the current social system in the same basic manner of giving or taking since his/her earlier emotional memories define which of these patterns results in positive or negative internal states. Thus, just as humans have a native spoken language, they have a native emotional language as well.

Moss, R. A. (2015). Psychotherapy integration from a brain-based perspective: Clinical biopsychology. This is a 5 hour continuing education course offered through Health Forum Online. https://www.healthforumonline.com/Our-Courses/Courses/47/secure__true/search__pimm/productId__134/categoryId__4/

This is the comprehensive and complete description of all aspects of the Clinical Biopsychological approach. This course serves to bridge the conceptual divide between a neurophysiological theory and an applied clinical model for mental health practitioners. In relation to social neuroscience, it gives a detailed understanding of the Type-T (taker) and Type-G (giver) interpersonal behavior patterns. An analysis is provided of how this new conceptual framework applies to the Five Factor Theory of personality, particularly in reference to the two meta-traits of Plasticity and Stability. Information is provided in the use of the pattern descriptions within the context of the Emotional Restructuring session. There is also detailed information provided on the most effective way to deal with each pattern in relationships. This is a 5 hour continuing education course offered through Health Forum Online. This online course is approved for APA CE credit, NBCC CE clock hours and ASWB Clinical CE clock hours.

Moss, R. A. (2013). Givers and takers: Clinical biopsychological perspectives on relationship behavior patterns. International Journal of Neuropsychotherapy, 1, 31-46. doi:10.12744/ijnpt.2013.0031-0046

To date, limited progress has been made in advancing a comprehensive biopsychological model to explain behavior patterns in human relationships. This paper describes such a model. A simplified description of a theory of cortical functioning is presented, followed by a discussion of two patterns of human relationship behaviors that are explained within the context of the model. A comparison of the current model and the dominant Big Five model of personality traits is then briefly discussed. Conclusions focus on the need for future research to determine the effectiveness of a clinical biopsychology approach, including the accuracy of the relationship patterns.