What is Neuropsychotherapy?
Neuropsychotherapy is an integrative approach to therapy that takes into account the dynamic interplay between the mind, body, social interaction, and the environment on a person’s well-being with a focus on neuroscientific research. By understanding the mechanisms of our biology (and in particular our neurology), the processes of our psychology, and the influences of social interaction, it is believed a holistic therapeutic practice can be formulated.
What is a Neuropsychotherapist?
A Neuropsychotherapist, is a psychotherapist (either an eclectic or founded in any number of theoretical schools), who utilises neurobiological, cognitive, emotional, social, and environmental information to base or enhance their psychotherapeutic interventions. The Neuropsychotherapist is grounded in a sound knowledge of the neurobiological underpinnings of mental states and behaviour.
Is This A New Theoretical School?
No. The Neuropscyhotherapist is not proposing a new school of psychology or psychotherapy. Rather we are promoting a greater depth of knowledge in the workings of the brain, and other aspects of our biology, to enhance the therapeutic practice of all psychotherapists regardless of their theoretical orientation.
Is this the same as Neuropsychoanalysis?
Neuropsychoanalysis is an attempt to correlate the findings of contemporary neuroscience with Freudian psychoanalysis. An exciting and beneficial undertaking that has core similarities with Neuropsychotherapy. The term neuropsychoanalysis was coined in 1999 with the introduction of the journal of the same name, pioneered by Mark Solms, Oliver Turnbull, and others in the fields of psychology, psychiatry, and neurology, and now a well established community of scientists and clinicians (you can find out more about the society of Neuropsychoanalysis at the website NSPA). While Neuropsychotherapy detracts nothing from the exemplary work of Neuropsychoanalysis, it’s outlook for interpretation and therapeutic application (of the multidisciplinary correlations that are discovered) is wide open to a multitude of modes and is not necessarily focused on Freudian Psychoanalysis.
The definition of Neuropsychotherapy may seem broad, but that is precisely the point. Armed, for example, with microscopic insight into the activity of a particular neural network involved with a clients fear, as well as a macroscopic view of their interpersonal relationships and environment, gives the neuropsychotherapist a thorough grasp of the clients situation. With the knowledge that there is a dynamic and powerful influence between the mind, brain, people, and environment, the eclectic clinician can choose from a large palate of therapeutic practices to achieve a desired outcome without being philosophically shackled to one approach. Similarly the therapist who holds dear to a particular school will find valuable insight into a clients conditions by understanding with more clarity what’s ‘under the hood’, so to speak, in the neurology and biology of the client, and possibly refine the therapeutic approach with this new understanding.
This does mean, however, that the therapist must have a multidisciplinary approach to study, analysis, and possibly intervention. It does not mean the therapist need explain to clients their condition in terms of neurology and chemistry (although some clients may benefit from such explanations), but that a depth of understanding does exist by the professional who is dealing with the extreme complexities of a fellow human. We would like to propose that the Neuropsychotherapist is one who works within a biopsychosocial paradigm toward holistic therapy, with an increasing depth of knowledge of all these levels of our being.
For an overview of Neuropsychotherapy, see Grawe, K. (2007). Neuropsychotherapy: How the Neurosciences Inform Effective Psychotherapy. New York, Psychology Press. The late Klaus Grawe defines Neuropsychotherapy as a neuroscientifically informed psychotherapy, and we stand on this foundational understanding while enlarging the scope of considerations to a broader biopsychosocial perspective.