The Thalamus

The Thalamus The Thalamus in 60 seconds from The Neuropsychotherapist on Vimeo. The thalamus (from the Greek word meaning “chamber”) is centrally located between the cerebral cortex and the midbrain and is known for its role in relaying sensory and motor signals to...

Prefrontal Cortex

Prefrontal Cortex Definition The prefrontal cortex (PFC) is the cerebral cortex which covers the front part of the frontal lobe. This brain region has been implicated in planning complex cognitive behavior, personality expression, decision making, and moderating...

The Limbic System

The Limbic System The limbic system (also known as the paleomammalian brain) is a collection of brain structures located in the middle of the brain. It was first defined by Paul Broca in the nineteenth century as the structures between the cerebral hemisphere and the...

Epigenetics

Epigenetics Definition Epigenetics (from the Greek: επί – over, outside of, or around the genome) is the study of trait variations caused by external or environmental factors that switch genes on and off and affect how cells read genes. Epigenetic research seeks...

Memory Reconsolidation

Memory Reconsolidation Definition Memory reconsolidation is the brain’s natural, neural process that can produce transformational change: the full, permanent elimination of an acquired behavior or emotional response. It is the brain’s innate process for fundamentally...

Guide to the Brain Part 10

The Psychotherapist’s Essential Guide to the Brain Part 10 Striatum, Motivation and Control Members Download: TNPTissue11pp10-13 In 1988, French neurologist Michel Habib and colleague Michel Poncet became intrigued by stories of people who would all of a sudden lose...

Hypothalamus

The Hypothalamus The hypothalamus (from the Greek words meaning “chamber underneath”) is a structure with a variety of vital functions that links the nervous system to the endocrine system via the pituitary gland, for the regulation and coordination of basic life...

The Triune Brain

The Triune Brain Neuroscientist Paul D. MacLean formulated a model of the brain in the 1960s, detailed in his 1990 book The Triune Brain in Evolution, describing the brain in terms of three distinct structures that emerged along an evolutionary path. Although this...

The Hippocampus

The Hippocampus The hippocampus is another very important structure in the limbic system. It is involved in the formation of declarative memories that are processed and transferred to neocortical areas through the process of memory consolidation and, notably,...
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