The Neuropsychotherapist Complete Archive

Magazine

Neuroscience and Counselling

Members Download Article: The Remarkable and Mysterious Brain On a cold and wet winter morning, Bob overcomes his “excuses” and begins his daily run. As expected, the first few kilometres are gruelling and painful, but midway through the run,...

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Understanding PANS & PANDAS

Members Download Article: Insomnia, out-of-control tantrums, separation anxiety, rage, obsessions, disordered eating, paranoia, motor and vocal tics. As a therapist or parent, have you come across a child exhibiting any of these behaviours and...

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The New Mind-Body Science of Depression

Members Download Article: Charles Raison, MD, is the Mary Sue and Mike Shannon Chair for Healthy Minds, Children & Families and Professor in the School of Human Ecology and the School of Medicine and Public Health at the University of...

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Prepared, Ready and Able

Members Download Article: You come home from a long day of work and as you wander past the kitchen you see the refrigerator and the next thing you know, you have opened the fridge door and you are extracting a selection of tasty treats. How did...

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Hilary Jacobs Hendel

Download Article: This month we put the spotlight on licensed clinical social worker and adult psychoanalyst, Hilary Jacobs Hendel. She has a Master of Social Work with Clinical Concentration from Fordham University and has completed the 4-year...

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What is PANDAS/PANS?

Members Download full article  When my middle son, Sammy, was twelve years old he was suddenly struck with an increasingly bizarre series of behaviors, just before the start of sixth grade. He was diagnosed first with obsessive-compulsive...

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October Issue Correction

Our apologies to Paul Potgieter and Thedy Veliz - in our recent October issue we put Thedy's bio in with Paul's outline of his presentation for the upcoming neuropsychotherapy conference. Our deepest apologies for the mix up. Here attached is the corrected pages, and...

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The Neurobiology of Feeling Safe

Members Download: THOUGHTS AND FEELINGS: REFLECTIONS OF THE BRAIN AND BODY The important role of “safety” in our life is so intuitive and so relevant that it is surprising that our institutions neglect it. Perhaps our misunderstanding of the role...

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Evolutionary Perspectives

Evolutionary Perspectives: Attachment Theory, Affect Regulation Theory and Working With Relational Trauma Haley Peckham Subscribers Download The Full Article Here  A famous quote from Anaïs Nin asserts that “We don’t see things as they are, we see...

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Eating for Mental Wellbeing

Report by Binh Nguyen Members Download How often have we heard the saying that we are what we eat, with the view that the foods we eat can directly influence our state of mind and physical health? This statement may well be true for the more...

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The Story of You

Members Download There is so much I want to say and share about the importance of having a coherent narrative, and how one achieves that. Sometimes I think its simpler and clearer to talk about it in educational rather than psychological terms…in...

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Maria Kostyanaya

Download article aria Kostyanaya is a provisionally registered psychologist currently working for Queensland Corrective Services in Brisbane and at the Queensland Psychology Clinic in...

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A Brief Review of the Best Apps

Members Download:  martphone technology has been increasingly used in the medical field and is currently rising in the field of behavioral health. Some behavioral health interventions...

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The Art of the Brain

Members Download:  y nontraditional path to art through a doctorate in neuroscience arms me with an outsider’s perspective and gives me the freedom to introduce imagery and concepts...

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The Neuropsychotherapist Volume 5 Issue 6

THE NEUROPSYCHOTHERAPIST Volume 5 Issue 6 (June 2017) ISSN 2201-9529   Members Download: Content As the psalmist once said, we are “fearfully and wonderfully made”. How true that is when we consider the immense complexity of the brain—and...

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Ken Benau

Download Article: Ken Benau, PhD, is a licensed clinical psychologist with 27 years’ experience. He has a private practice in psychotherapy, consultation and training in Kensington, CA, located in the San Francisco Bay area. For many years, Ken...

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Work Stressed and Play?

Work Stressed and Play? A brief look at competitive gaming Members Download the Article here: To date, competitive gaming has not been widely researched or recognised in the scientific and professional literature on video games. As the name...

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The Neuroscience of War

Download Article: As the Middle East rages with war and terrorism, one can only be awed by the magnitude of the conflict,  the degree of the calamity that is taking place there, and its effect on the children. Millions of children in the region...

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The Neuropsychotherapist Issue 5 Volume 5

THE NEUROPSYCHOTHERAPIST Volume 5 Issue 5 (May 2017) ISSN 2201-9529   Members Download: Content It is no secret that attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a major mental health concern today. Prevalence appears to have risen...

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Dan Siegel

Download Article Dr. Siegel is a clinical professor of psychiatry at the UCLA School of Medicine and the founding co-director of the Mindful Awareness Research Center at UCLA. He is also the Executive Director of the Mindsight Institute, an...

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The Neuropsychotherapist Volume 5 Issue 4

THE NEUROPSYCHOTHERAPIST Volume 5 Issue 4 (April 2017) ISSN 2201-9529   Members Download: Content As therapists, we formulate hypotheses about our clients and their states of mind from a psychological perspective. We may utilise talk...

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Ann Diamond Weinstein

  Download Article: Ann Diamond Weinstein, PhD, holds a doctorate in Clinical Psychology, Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology. In her consultation practice she provides education and coaching to health and mental health practitioners,...

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The Neuropsychotherapist Volume 5 Issue 3

THE NEUROPSYCHOTHERAPIST Volume 5 Issue 3 (March 2017) ISSN 2201-9529   Members Download: Content Most people who suffer trauma show evidence of a remarkable human capacity to overcome traumatic events, recovering to lead a normal life with...

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Narcissism – The Shame-Negating Personality

Download Article: Narcissism: The Shame-Negating Personality Mark Zaslav, PhD Psychiatric labels have long been criticized for bringing stigma to those afflicted with mental disorders. In the case of narcissistic personality disorder, one glance...

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Departments

Smart people have better connected brains

Differences in intelligence have so far mostly been attributed to differences in specific brain regions. However, are smart people’s brains also wired differently to those of less intelligent persons? A new study published by researchers from Goethe University Frankfurt (Germany) supports this assumption. In intelligent persons, certain brain regions are more strongly involved in the flow of information between brain regions, while other brain regions are less engaged.

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Otago study finds infection and schizophrenia symptom link

If a mother’s immune system is activated by infection during pregnancy, it could result in critical cognitive deficits linked to schizophrenia in her offspring, a University of Otago study has revealed. Lead author Dr Ryan Ward, of the Department of Psychology, says schizophrenia is thought to result from an interaction of genetic and environmental “hits.”

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MRI Shows Brain Differences Among ADHD Patients

Information from brain MRIs can help identify people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and distinguish among subtypes of the condition, according to a study appearing online in the journal Radiology. ADHD is a disorder of the brain characterized by periods of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsive behavior. The disorder affects 5 to 7 percent of children and adolescents worldwide, according to the ADHD Institute.

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Starvation: What Does it Do to the Brain?

by Bonnie Kaplan, PhD & Julia Rucklidge, PhD Before we start looking at current trials using nutrients to treat mental health outcomes, we thought we would revisit the past once more to see how knowledge gained by our predecessors may be helpful for our current...

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What Can Twitter Reveal About People With ADHD? Penn Researchers Provide Answers

In a Twitter-based study, Penn researchers found that people with ADHD tended to post messages related to lack of focus, self-regulation, intention and failure, as well as expressions of mental, physical and emotional exhaustion. They often used words like those in the word cloud above more frequently than the control group and often posted during hours of the day when the majority of people sleep, from midnight to 6 a.m.

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Spanking Linked to Increase in Children’s Behavior Problems

Children who have been spanked by their parents by age 5 show an increase in behavior problems at age 6 and age 8 relative to children who have never been spanked, according to new findings. The study, which uses a statistical technique to approximate random assignment, indicates that this increase in behavior problems cannot be attributed to various characteristics of the child, the parents, or the home environment – rather, it seems to be the specific result of spanking.

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Why do some head knocks cause more damage than others?

Veteran sailors know that rogue waves can rise suddenly in mid-ocean to capsize even the largest vessels. Now it appears that a similar phenomenon called shear shock wave occurs in the concussed brain. It may help explain why some head knocks cause so much more harm than others.

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Humans don’t use as much brain power as we like to think

Animals had energy-hungry brains long before we did. For years, scientists assumed that humans devote a larger share of their daily calories to their brains than other animals. Although the human brain makes up only 2 percent of body weight, it consumes more than 25 percent of our baseline energy budget.

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Alzheimer’s disease might be a ‘whole body’ problem

Alzheimer’s disease, the leading cause of dementia, has long been assumed to originate in the brain but new research indicates that it could be triggered by breakdowns elsewhere in the body. The findings, published today in Molecular Psychiatry, offer hope that future drug therapies might be able to stop or slow the disease without acting directly on the brain, which is a complex, sensitive and often hard-to-reach target. Instead, such drugs could target the kidney or liver, ridding the blood of a toxic protein before it ever reaches the brain.

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‘Maturity’ molecule helps adolescent brain grow up

When it comes to raising teenagers, parents have an ally — laminin alpha 5, a molecule crucial to the maturing of the adolescent brain — a Yale-led study published Oct. 31 in the journal Cell Reports suggests. For a decade, the Yale team had sought answers to a fundamental question: How does the brain, marked by frantic growth of synaptic connections between cells, grow up and mature?

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Nicotine’s hold: What the gut and gender have to do with

Many people who smoke or chew tobacco can’t seem to escape nicotine’s addictive properties. Studies show that women in particular seem to have a harder time quitting, even with assistance, when compared to men. Now, scientists report in a mouse study published in ACS’ journal Chemical Research in Toxicology that the difference in gender smoking patterns and smoking’s effects could be due to how nicotine impacts the brain-gut relationship.

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Synaptic disorder

A Würzburg research team describes a hitherto unknown pathogenic mechanism of motor neuron disorders. This should lead to a rethinking in drug development. Motor neurons are the nerves that send impulses to the muscles to generate movement.

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How do adult brain circuits regulate new neuron production?

In a new study published in Cell Stem Cell, UNC School of Medicine neuroscientist Juan Song and colleagues discovered a long-distance brain circuit that controls the production of new neurons in the hippocampus. Before we are born, the developing brain creates an incredible number of neurons, which migrate to specific parts of the brain to ready us for life. Contrary to popular belief, genesis of new neurons does not stop at birth or even in childhood.

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FSU research documents link between nightmares and self-harm

New research from Florida State University finds a link between nightmares and self-injurious behavior, such as cutting or burning oneself. The findings are similar to previous research showing other sleep problems, such as nightmares, insomnia and trouble falling asleep, are linked to suicide and attempted suicide.

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Autism Treatments May Restore Brain Connections

Scientists have identified a pair of treatments that may restore brain function to autism patients who lack a gene critical to maintaining connections between neurons, according to a study from the Peter O’Donnell Jr. Brain Institute at UT Southwestern Medical Center. Although this gene has been linked to abnormal brain size, the research in mice demonstrates the gene has no such role and instead is needed to regulate a protein capable of inhibiting the ability of neurons to communicate with each other.

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Close friends linked to a sharper memory

Maintaining positive, warm and trusting friendships might be the key to a slower decline in memory and cognitive functioning, according to a new Northwestern Medicine study. SuperAgers — who are 80 years of age and older who have cognitive ability at least as good as people in their 50s or 60s — reported having more satisfying, high-quality relationships compared to their cognitively average, same-age peers, the study reports.

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Probability calculations – even babies can master it

One of the most important features of the human mind is its ability to make generalisations based on sparse data. Our brain accomplishes this task by using probability information to represent statistical regularities in our environment and guiding our actions. As adults, we have a vague understanding of which events are likely to happen. But so far, it has not been clear when in our lifespan we begin to estimate which events are more likely to occur than others. Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences (MPI CBS) in Leipzig have now shown that even six-month-old babies have a sense of probability.

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Do Animals Think Rationally?

Researcher Suggests Rational Decision-Making Doesn’t Require Language. Previous research has shown that animals can remember specific events, use tools and solve problems. But exactly what that means – whether they are making rational decisions or simply reacting to their environment through mindless reflex – remains a matter of scientific dispute.

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Study Shows Alarming Number Of Teens Cyberbully Themselves

Adolescents harming themselves with cuts, scratches or burns has gained a lot of attention over the years not just because of the physical damage and internal turmoil, but also because it has been linked to suicide. More recently, a new form of self-harm in youth has emerged and is cause for concern, warns a researcher and bullying expert from Florida Atlantic University.

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Scientists identify mechanism that helps us inhibit unwanted thoughts

Scientists have identified a key chemical within the ‘memory’ region of the brain that allows us to suppress unwanted thoughts, helping explain why people who suffer from disorders such as anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and schizophrenia often experience persistent intrusive thoughts when these circuits go awry.

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Researchers map trends in drug development

One third of all drugs on the American market act on the same kind of important cell receptor – the G protein-coupled receptors. A major mapping of these drugs by the University of Copenhagen and Uppsala University found that their pharmacological mechanisms are becoming more complex. The mapping also reveals rapid developments especially within Alzheimer’s disease, obesity, asthma and diabetes.

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SIDS breakthrough: why babies shouldn’t sleep face down

International research involving the University of Adelaide has uncovered a developmental abnormality in babies – especially in premature babies and in boys – that for the first time has been directly linked to cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Researchers believe this abnormality, in the brain’s control of head and neck movement, breathing, heartbeat and the body’s responses to deprivation of oxygen supply, could be the reason why some babies sleeping on their front are more at risk of SIDS.

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Navigation System of Brain Cells Decoded

Hardwiring of the Brain Is Genetically Pre-programmed – Researchers now Understand Better How Neurons Implement the Blueprint for the Brain. The human brain contains roughly 100 billion neurons. Information
among them is transmitted via a complex network of
nerve fibers. Hardwiring of most of this network takes place before
birth according to a genetic blueprint, that is without external
influences playing a role.

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Scientists find a role for Parkinson’s gene in the brain

NIH-funded mouse study suggests LRRK gene is needed for dopamine neuron health. A new study published in the journal Neuron sheds light on the normal function of LRRK2, the most common genetic cause for late-onset Parkinson’s disease. The study was supported by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), part of the National Institutes of Health.

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Allen Institute shares first open database of live human brain cells

Brain samples from neurosurgery patients reveal uniqueness and complexity of the human brain. The Allen Institute for Brain Science has added the first data from human nerve cells to the Allen Cell Types Database: a publicly available tool for researchers to explore and understand the building blocks of the human brain. This first release includes electrical properties from approximately 300 living cortical neurons of different types derived from 36 patients.

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Researchers Find Immune Cells Help Rebuild Damaged Nerves

Immune cells are normally associated with fighting infection but in a new study, scientists have discovered how they also help the nervous system clear debris, clearing the way for nerve regeneration after injury. In a study published in the Journal of Neuroscience, researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine showed certain immune cells—neutrophils—can clean up nerve debris, while previous models have attributed nerve cell damage control to other cells entirely.

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Individual with complete spinal cord injury regains voluntary motor function

Extended activity-based training with epidural stimulation resulted in ability to stand and move without stimulation. A research participant at the University of Louisville with a complete spinal cord injury, who had lost motor function below the level of the injury, has regained the ability to move his legs voluntarily and stand six years after his injury.

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Is Alzheimer’s Disease a Disorder of Energy Metabolism? New Study Shines New Light

A team of investigators from McLean Hospital and Harvard Medical School, led by Kai C. Sonntag, MD, PhD, and Bruce M. Cohen, MD, PhD, has found a connection between disrupted energy production and the development of late-onset Alzheimer’s disease (LOAD). “These findings have several implications for understanding and developing potential therapeutic intervention in LOAD,” explained Sonntag, an associate stem cell researcher at McLean Hospital and an assistant professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School.

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The Nose Reveals Our Relationship With Emotions

Do you express your emotions? Are you able to name them, talk about them, relate to your feelings? If your answer is not an unqualified yes, you might be among the 10 percent of the healthy population who has difficulty processing the emotions they experience: a psychological condition known as alexithymia. An alexithymic individual has difficulty, to a greater or lesser degree, in relating to the sensations – ranging from joy to fear, from disgust to anger – which make up our experience.

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Advanced artificial limbs mapped in the brain

EPFL scientists from the Center for Neuroprosthetics have used functional MRI to show how the brain re-maps motor and sensory pathways following targeted motor and sensory reinnervation (TMSR), a neuroprosthetic approach where residual limb nerves are rerouted towards intact muscles and skin regions to control a robotic limb.

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Study shows how memories ripple through the brain

NIH-funded study suggests increased communication between key brain areas during sleep. Using an innovative “NeuroGrid” technology, scientists showed that sleep boosts communication between two brain regions whose connection is critical for the formation of memories. The work, published in Science, was partially funded by the Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) Initiative, a project of the National Institutes of Health devoted to accelerating the development of new approaches to probing the workings of the brain.

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